California Missions: Past and present

If history is something you enjoy reading, you are sure to know; the sixteenth century was a period of adventurous explorations for Europe. The entire continent was filled with the excitement of the new awakening created by the renaissance. The sailors of Spain were the most renowned among skilled explorers in the region.

History

Spain already had settlements in the US. And, the Spanish King decided to authorize new expeditions to explore northwards from Mexico, their foothold in the area.

They already knew what to do and what not to be able to colonize a region. For this reason, he asked Catholic priests to establish Missions. This, the King thought would convert the Natives to Catholicism and teach them Spanish culture. The Catholics were divided into several factions. And, it was the Franciscan Missionaries who established the first among the twenty-one Missions in California. They had a book describing how to attract the Natives. It also contained information on the daily schedule to be followed. With this as a guideline, Father Serra founded the first among the chain of Missions, Mission San Diego de Alcala in the year 1769. This began an era of Spanish conquest which lasted for 54 years. The 21 Missions they established extend from the Southern part of San Diego to the north of San Francisco.

The architecture

The Mission architecture was different for every single one. However, they fulfilled the following common requirements.

  • Protection from wild animals and the elements of nature,
  • Safety from natives who were against the Missions.

The churches were built at the center. It remained surrounded by other buildings so as to ensure utmost protection from all unfriendly elements in the colony. As years passed by, the design of the buildings underwent drastic changes and they became great mansions.
Fr. Antonio Peyri

The name of this priest is always held in highest regard by the historians and explorers of Mission period. He was elected to head the founding of Old Mission San Luis Rey, the 18th among the California Missions. Fr. Antonio Peyri was born and brought up in Catalonia in Spain, a region known for its religious arts and trade. In the age of 15, he joined the Franciscan order and became a priest after 9 years. With his religious fervor and magnetic personality, he became the favourites of all religious leaders of the time. He was sent to Spain along with 20 other priests to New Spain in the year 1795. After a few years of training in Missionary work, he was sent to California. Within two years, he was elected to head the team overseeing the founding of San Luis Rey.
The growth of the Mission

Within the time of 34 years, Fr. Peyri transformed the Mission from a hut made from grass to a splendid building. Reports say that this was the most powerful among the Missions. It was also the most populated and maintained the reputation where the residents enjoyed the best treatment among all the Spanish settlements.
Today, the Mission is a great retreat center offering a variety of options to the retreatants. Exploring this is sure to give you a good idea of the prosperity it enjoyed in the past.

Find out all interesting facts about Missions in California visiting Mission San Luis Museum at Oceanside, CA. Schedule museum tour at this link http://www.sanluisrey.org/museum/

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/

California Missions: A Brief Guide

The twenty-one Missions in California stand here as the reminders of the Spanish expansion into the region. Within the time of 54 years, from 1769 to 1823, they introduced a new culture and brought European customs and manners here. They also built 5 Presidios (forts for the army).

Life in California Missions

The Spaniards established Missions with a view to colonize the region. Each of them consisted of a church, a fort and a town also known as pueblo. While the forts with the soldiers ensured safety of life for the padres, the town took care of their daily life. They brought the Natives from Mexico to stay in the Mission as labourers.

The design of the Mission site resembled to that of a fenced-around city. The church stood at one side with the forts and towns at the other. There was a large open area in between.

The life in these Missions at the height of their growth depicted a beautiful picture. The entire area was a hub of activity with business thriving. Trades prospered and one can see thousands of herdsmen and tillers all around. Young men playing musical instruments, children in schools; religious festivals with people dancing around, the sight was truly spectacular. The courtyard of Mission buildings was decorated with beautiful gardens. Orchards, fruits of all kinds, olive trees and different crops enriched the Missions.

Economy

The Missions became richer with years. History informs that some of the church buildings were built using huge stones, the most splendid in the entire nation. They were able to take care of thousands of residents there and govern flourishing trade. The residents were also skilled in European arts. There were also shops for everything under the sun; from weaving baskets to tanning.

A large portion of the land was used to cultivate crops of all kinds, fruits, olive trees and a lot more. They also had the largest number of horses and sheep. Records state that thousands of Native Indians lived here in obedience to the Catholic beliefs working hard for their masters.

Missions today

As time passed by, the early glory of the Missions began to disappear. Still, a majority of them are owned and operated by the Catholic Church. They are active parishes helping the congregation in its spiritual life.

Old Mission San Luis Rey

The most renowned among these Missions which maintains its original splendour is Old Mission San Luis Rey. The eighteenth among the California Missions, this welcome all who want to bask in the beauty of nature. Bible study, retreats, guided tours, cooking classes; your options are vast here. You can also have your pets blessed on October 4th, on St. Francis Assisi’s feast day. Visit Mission Museum and get all info about Mission history and past days.

Explore California Missions along with your family. Your children would love to be here. They talk of a glorious past of the land. Get away with the gloomy history lessons you were being taught of the Mission life for the Indians. There are great contributions which went unnoticed. All this would come to life if you spend some time in any of these Missions. More on this link http://www.sanluisrey.org/museum/

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/

Natural Gas Heaters for Upcoming Cold Days

Winter is coming. Outside temperatures will be below -10 degrees very soon. Many of us will need some kind of heater to heat up home, office, garage etc. This is the best time of year to buy heater you like. Many of them can be found on online stores like Heater Store. New, safe and at affordable prices – natural gas heater is perfect solution for every home. There are many benefits of these but we all should be careful using them because according to National Fire Prevention Association heaters are responsible for 45% fires during cold months.

Pros of natural gas heaters is fact they using gas that is cost effective, clean making them reliable source of heat for your family and kids. Many American homes will use them in next couple of months. They are much cheaper than electric space heaters. Another benefit can be their portability since many of them can be used as separate heating source. Some can be mounted on wall, called wall heaters. They are able to heat bedroom very easy. There are also convection heaters which is ideal for smaller rooms. Next are radiant heaters that can heat up large spaces like garages and work spaces with open areas. So, they are great to use for both indoor and outdoor heating purposes. Despite they can be very efficient and clean for the environment.

Furthermore, they can be vent free with oxygen depletion sensing safety off system that shuts off the heater if there is not enough fresh air. Great, don’t you think? This way your safety has been brought to highest level. Other have carbon monoxide detectors and alarms.

You need to teach your family to properly use gas heaters and that way have peace of mind. When we said family we meant especially kids. Something that should be taken into consideration seriously that is for sure. They are much safer compared to traditional fireplaces. Search online and find safety tips when using heaters, not just gas heaters.

If you have some concerns to determine how powerful heater you should by regarding room size, you can use BTU Calculator for this one.

If you would like to learn more about natural gas heaters, about available models and their prices visit Heater Store, online store where you can find all kind of heaters at unbeatable prices on internet. Visit http://www.heater-store.com/ and choose according to your budget and wishes.

Contact :
Contact Person: Jose C. Calderon
E-mail: JoseC@MegaSuperStoreS.com
Mega Super Stores, Inc
Address: 10679 Westview Pkwy,San Diego, CA 92126
Tel/Fax: 800-568-5450
Website: http://www.heater-store.com/

Compact Refrigerators Small Units With Great Versatility

We all use full sized refrigerators at home. But we don’t have that much space in our offices, dorm rooms, workspaces, motel rooms and other space limited places etc. Compact refrigerators are very convenient in this case. Use them to store and cold your drinks and share or with colleagues or co-workers. It can be placed in numerous locations.

Unlike the standard refrigerators, compact refrigerators have advanced features including the size. Key question when choosing freezer is how compact it should be? The capacity of a compact refrigerator typically runs from 1.5 cubic feet to 5.5 cubic feet. Highly recommended model is the 1.7 cubic feet. They cost around $150 and thermostat is adjustable from 36ºF – 56ºF. Their function is almost as well as full-sized ones despite their smaller sizes. Some models can be even used outdoors some in your vehicle. Saving space is not hard task owning compact refrigerator.

Always choose compact refrigerator that has a freezer section so that you can store frozen foods. Many of them are manufactured in black or white color. Every single of them have interior light, self-closing doors, scratch resistant work top, tall bottle storage, integrated door handle etc. If you need more fancy like automatic defrost system details check specification list of desired model. Also, always enquire about warranty. It should be minimum 2 years.

Some tips when searching for small refrigerator. Do online search and careful check all specification bullets. Especially energy star saving and shipping model. Consult your friends, read product reviews on different models as much as you can. Of course all depends on your budget. Compact refrigerators are not that much costly but prices can differ. Some manufacturers have higher prices than the others. Key players on this industry field are Danby, Koolatron, Samsung, Marvel, Summit, Avanti and others. Price can differ because of compressor power and his energy star. Higher energy star will cost you a bit but you will save because of lower usage of electric current. Always choose unit with higher energy star meaning you have chosen efficient unit. Energy consumption is very important question and help us preserve nature.

If you need compact refrigerator and you needed today – visit Cooler Store. Great number of coolers and refrigerators as well as medical and lab equipment at affordable prices that can be delivered very fast. Check inventory and prices at Cooler Store.

Contact :
Contact Person: Jose C. Calderon
E-mail: JoseC@MegaSuperStoreS.com
Mega Super Stores, Inc
Address: 2010 Jimmy Durante Blvd., Suite 220, Del Mar, CA 92014
Tel/Fax: 800-568-5450
Website: http://www.cooler-store.com/

California cemeteries – Sacred grounds of Old Mission San Luis Rey

Organizing and planning funeral can be very hard task. Making arrangements and planning a funeral is not easy thing to do when a family member dies. But California citizens have vast option when choosing final resting place for loved one. Meaningful funeral is an important part of the grieving process and that is why it need to be organized and conducted in a dignified and orderly manner.

There are many cemeteries in California but just one is located in historic landmark – Old Mission cemetery. Located at beautiful Oceanside, CA one of the famous California Missions. It was founded in 1789 which makes it oldest cemetery ground in California.

Serene and beautiful gardens, statues and fountains near cemetery makes it ideal for resting place by ocean. Professional funeral services taken by cemetery staff will make your decision easy on funeral arrangements, gravestones and all ceremony related. To get better insight explore website especially cemetery related portion at http://www.sanluisrey.org/cemetery/ here you can find related information about phone numbers, staff information, hours of operating and driving directions. Also, one page is especially dedicated to common question you might ask. Images of this sacred ground can be found at official website but also across internet, most of them on Yahoo Flickr service.

It is important to say that deceased can be other religion than Catholic. So, all faiths are welcome. For who served US in wars, US veteran’s cemetery can be held according to military tradition and standards. This contribute to comforting and inspirational atmosphere. Mission cemetery pride themselves on excellent customer service and experience that lasts for more than 5 decades. One of the biggest choices you will be faced with following the death of a loved one is the choice between burial and cremation. Both options are supported by Old Mission cemetery.

It has some of the finest funerary architecture in the United States. It is a place of peace and contemplation. If you have any questions and would like to speak to a member of Old Mission Funeral Services team then please call (760) 231-8445, ext. 133 or ext. 139. Pay last tribute to loved one with great dignity. Choose Mission cemetery and have a peace of mind you have decided right.

Old Mission San Luis Rey is active and provides cultural events like Dia de los Muertos and Heritage Ball, educational, historical and spiritual event and programs to the California community and visitors from all around the globe.

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/

Retreats at Historic Landmark

We have all been to some kind of retreat or similar event for one day, weekend or few days. There are numerous retreat facilities and centers offers variety of programs like private retreats, couple, spiritual, yoga and meditation. They are mostly in some quite places far away from city traffic but just one of them is located in sunny California, next to the Ocean. Yes, that is right – it is Old Mission Retreat Center. Here are just a few words about this amazing place.

Location play vital role when searching for retreat facility. Retreat in this beautiful place – one of the California Missions also known as King of Missions. This historic landmark can offer no other retreat center can – most beautiful gardens and walkways for meditation and spiritual educational programs. Affordable prices are guaranteed and whatever your objective this retreat facility is best place for you. If you are religious then look no further – this is perfect place for you and your loved one.

We all know how retreats can do miracle to our body and mind. Book yourself private retreat and spent some day at Franciscan retreat center reading Bible, praying and meditating. Get relaxed and stress free enjoying at this sacred location in Oceanside, California. Sign up for spiritual direction and take all benefits being offered by Franciscan and staff at Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia through behind-the-scene tours offered, the bible study courses and even the quiet Mondays.

Organize company events like business retreats in Mission conference and meeting rooms. Event organized by Old Mission will be sure great success. From amazing outdoor activities to fantastic meeting rooms, your options are vast. Meals are served buffet style and can be adjusted to your or group requirements. In center can sleep up to 93 visitors and guests.

If you search the internet looking for reputable retreat center in California you will and up to Old Mission, that is for sure. Professional staff will serve you in tradition and great heritage of Franciscan hospitality. Also, you can visit museum, with numerous collection from Native American periods.

Call oldest retreat center in California, Franciscan Retreat center at (760) 757-3651 and friendly staff will answer all your question about available accommodation, prices and cancellation policy. Come in person at 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057. Welcome to the new world of retreats – in California historic place, Old Mission San Luis.

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/

Business Owners Pay Attention on Commercial Insurance

You are all exited running a new business right? You should be proud of your self running your own business these days during recession and world crisis. Yet, it its very interesting but with a lot of responsibilities. One of them is to choose right commercial insurance for your company or small business. Try avoid mistakes other business owners makes and help your business growth making right decision when it comes to business insurance.

In lines below we are going to write just basic things on commercial insurance but if you need advices from professional insurance agents working in this turbulent market for 30 years visit this website and get latest insights on insurance trends in United States.

There are generally six types of commercial insurance.

  • General Liability Insurance – business owners are covered with the privilege of avoiding legal hassles due to accident, injuries and claims of negligence. It also covers property damage, medical expenses, and settlement bonds.
  • The second type is the Product Liability Insurance. It protect the business due to factory defect or bodily harm.
  • Professional Liability Insurance cover in this insurance protects the business against errors, malpractice and negligence in the provision of services to the customers.
  • Commercial Property Insurance is the fourth type of business insurance. This covers practically everything that the business may experience due to conditions like fire, smoke, wind and hail storms
  • Casualty insurance covers losses and liabilities which are a result of unforeseen accidents.
  • A Home-Based Business Insurance is the last one.

As a leader and manager you have responsibility to your firm and workers. That is why it is important to plan every single detail in your business agenda, and insurance of course is one of them. Regardless of the type of work you do there are several insurance types that you can choose: property insurance, liability insurance, malpractice insurance and prepaid legal insurance. Also you need to insure your workers, since they need health, dental, and life insurance, so called workers comp insurance. It can vary from country to country but many of these insurances are mandatory.

Take time and explore all to avoid mistakes. Collect as much as information’s you can, talk to more than three insurance agents and making decision should not be that hard. Search online, at newspapers on local business directories, ask friends, other business owners and partners, just find as much as you can. We all trying to downgrade fees and maximize profit and return on investment, but insurance is business category we need in order to have peace of mind. Choose affordable rates and premiums, don’t avoid insurance at any circumstances.

If you need more information about Commercial Insurance please visit South California Insurance located in Washington Street in San Diego, CA. Get a quote and find out how they could save you money. Get all info needed at http://southcaliforniainsurance.com/ or just call customer support number (619) 296-1228.

Contact Person: Goran Mijailovic
E-mail: sales@southcaliforniainsurance.com
South California Insurance Company
Address: 801 Washington Street San Diego, CA 92103
Tel/Fax: (619) 296-1228
Website: http://southcaliforniainsurance.com/

How Wheelchair Accessible Vans Can Improve Life of Disabled People

Physical disability or life with handicap is very hard, it affects lifestyle and overall quality of disabled person. Luckily, many of our fellow citizens have accepted their situation and have learned to live with handicap. Mobility products, equipment and vehicles are things that can and will restore self-confidence, freedom and life enjoyment. Keep reading this article to get just essential on wheelchair accessible vehicles and how their usage can be beneficial for disabled drivers and caregivers. If you demand more data on these vehicles and equipment visit this website.

Benefits of owning mobility van

Wheelchair bounded persons who would like to travel and drive on their own should invest in handicap van. This is a big decision in their life but it will improve their mobility a lot, and that is why should be considered with most importance. One thing is for sure, you will not regret it if you need drive to shopping mall, college, park etc. You can do it with care giver, bur having ability to drive and don’t depend on anyone will boost your confident and immediately improve life quality.

How to choose one?

There are various types of mobility vans at the market. Most of them are minivans with side entry doors and folding ramps. Some are on the other hand are backside entry models with implemented mobility scooter or wheelchair lift. Choose whatever you need but owning one you want be depressed because you need someone to drive you around. Choose careful, use internet, determine your needs and requirements, apply for loan and choose within your budget. It would not hurt to study the market a little bit before deciding what to buy; this way, you will be able to make an informed decision. The most important thing is to find a vehicle that you will be fully satisfied with and that will offer you the mobility you need.

Compare prices and dealerships

Wheelchair vans can cost a lot, maybe you should consider buying used one, but for sure it is advisable to compare prices and mobility dealers. Prices can vary a lot, depending on vehicle shape and condition, brand, mileage, year of manufacturing etc. Always ask professionals for help. Furthermore careful choose hand controls for vans, since many of disabled persons can’t use conventional steering wheel. Also, check out quality and safety standards. Toyota, Chrysler, Honda or Ford are main players at this field. If you would rather purchase a full-size van that provides a superior level of comfort, you should check out some of the Ford models. At the end, it is entirely up to you to choose mobility vehicle that will provide you peace of mind. Good luck searching for one.

Get latest models of new and used wheelchair vans in California and Nevada at most renowned mobility dealership. Call 888 540 8267 or visit this link and check out wheelchair van inventory, available mobility scooters and power wheelchairs.

Contact :
Contact Person: Mo Abusham
E-mail: info@betterlifemobility.com
BETTER LIFE MOBILITY CENTERS
Address: 8130 Parkway Dr.La Mesa, CA 91942
Tel/Fax: 888 540 8267888 540 8267
Website: http://www.betterlifemobility.com/

California Missions Rules and Regulations

Catholicism in seventeenth and eighteenth century was governed by strict rules and regulations. Quite naturally, the Spaniards who came to California at that time brought with them these strict religious guidelines.

The Spanish King wanted to expand His dominion in reply to the Russian attempts in the same direction. The Spain had its outposts in Mexico. For this reason, they thought it would be easier to go further, convert the natives and expand the country’s influence. With this in mind, they established twenty-one Missions in the region. All of them were connected. The Indians living them provided the cheap labor they wanted to construct buildings and settle down in the area.

Rules and regulations

As mentioned above, California Missions were run by the Franciscan priests. Quite naturally, Catholic religious instructions prevailed there. Before the Spaniards came in the region, the Indians led an almost free life. In the Mission, they were required to do everything as per a fixed timetable. They had to work regularly; even their free time got regulated. Even the Missionaries and their soldiers were guided by stringent guidelines. It is reported that they had a manual to control every aspect in the running of the Missions.

The present-day Government rules and regulations

By the end of the 1800’s, the Missions were secularized and the Indians were offered two options. They could either stay in the Missions or go back to their own villages. This does not mean to say that the Nation abandoned Christianity altogether.

The Federal Congress saw religion as a great regulator. It maintained that religious teachings should be there in the Military to ensure morality therein. It passed numerous rules and regulations in this respect.

The two clauses

At present, two clauses regulate the Government and the religious institutions in the country; the Establishment clause and its free exercise variant. The former forbids the Federal or State Government from utilizing public funds to support any religious group. And, the latter maintains that everyone has the right to believe in the religion of his/her choice. There may be conflicts. However, the constitution forbids the Government from showing favouritism of any kind. If you are someone planning to start a Christian Mission here, the most reliable source of information is your State website.

Conclusion

If the California Missions appear intriguing and you are keen to learn the history, welcome to California Mission Museum. Located in an area where nature is seen at its best, the Mission stands as an enduring symbol of the church at the time. Today, it is a retreat center. Explore the Mission website, your options there are sure to be a pleasant surprise. One among the oldest in California Missions, this allows you to enjoy the kind of facilities you prefer in a retreat institution.

The serenity retreats, bible studies, the quiet Mondays, cooking classes and the behind-the-scene tours are just a few of the offers therein. Why waste time looking for opportunities? Come to the best known of the California Missions; be spiritually rich and experience the excitement of being religious!

If you intend to explore deeper California culture and heritage visit Old Mission Museum at Oceanside, California or visit this link to book yourself or your family Museum tour.

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/

California Missions Their Authenticity

California Missions Their Authenticity          

History is something which fascinates everyone who loves a country. If you are a resident of California, you would not have any doubt about the authenticity of the twenty-one California Missions. They are there for quite a long time, telling the stories of the past. They talk of the first European interaction with the region.

The uniqueness

Even though restructured, most of the twenty-one California Missions has its own story to say. While some love the imposing structures, others love the atmosphere. Still others prefer the originality, the bell towers and other works of the architecture of 1700’s. It is true that you can see only the replica of the original structures. They were built using the materials locally available at that time. For this reason, most of the buildings were destroyed by earthquake and other natural calamities. Those who rebuilt the Missions were keen to restore the original structure. Still, they allow children and adults alike to have a glimpse of the history of the region of the time. When exploring the areas, you may also come across museums displaying artefacts and equipment of the 1700’s. This, along with the pictures archaeologists managed to preserve attest to the authenticity of the 21 Missions stretching from Baja California to Sonoma County. Here is an overview of some of the Missions in the region.

  1. Mission San Diego

This is the first among the twenty-one chain of Missions established in Alta California; the area was known by this name at that time. It was founded in the year 1769. It is the first church in the region. However, the Mission was here just for five years. Father Serra, the founder of the site relocated it to six miles away; close to the river San Diego. In the year 1775, some 800 Indians raided the mission, completely destroying it. However, it was re-established it after some time. At present, the site is a historical landmark.

  1. Mission San Luis Rey de Francia

The eighteenth in the chain of California Missions, this is also known as Mission San Luis Rey. Being the largest among the chain, this is called the “King of Missions.” It was established in 1798. Even though the Spaniards intended the Missions to be self-sustaining, they miserably failed in their attempts. They did have an influence on the life of the Natives though. It was the Missionaries who introduced agriculture; they brought many crops and fruits to the land. Even though water was abundant here, the Missionaries had a tough time locating materials to construct settlements. For this reason, they had to make use of the things available here; adobe bricks. The land for the site was so large that the Indians were able to serve their employers staying in their own villages. It too got secularized like all the others of the kind by the end of 1800’s. But, this Mission still stands here as a reminder of the influence Spaniards had on the Native Indians.

You can go for a guided or explore the area on your own. The California Mission museum, the cemetery, the retreat center and the churches are sure to make you experience a sense of royalty. See hours of operation and fees at this webpage.

Contact :
Contact Person: Maureen Sullivan
E-mail: info@sanluisrey.org
Old Mission San Luis Rey de Francia
Address: 4050 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92057-6402
Tel/Fax: (760) 757-3651
Website: http://www.sanluisrey.org/